Top Load and Front Load Washing Machine Guide

There are several reasons you may be in the market for a new washing machine. If you’re trying to decide which type of machine is best, the following information may help. Here’s everything you need to know about both top load and front load washers. 

Energy-Efficiency in Washers

According to Consumer Reports, the most energy-efficient washer is a high-efficiency top loader as it uses less water and cleans clothes better. Having said that, there are still good reasons to choose another type of washing machine.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of the two types of machines. 

Front Load Washer – Pros and Cons


  • Uses less electricity than top load machines – This machine uses up to 50-percent less electricity, especially when combined with an electric hot water heater. 
  • Clothes come out drier from a front load washer – Front load washers spin faster than top load ones, leaving clothes up to 10-percent drier. This means less time in the dryer, which equates to better efficiency. 


  • Not ergonomically-friendly – Some people purposely overlook the front load washer when purchasing a new machine because they don’t like to or can’t bend low enough to comfortably put clothes in or take them out of the machine. 
  • More expensive to buy – Depending on how many bells and whistles you choose; any washer can become more expensive to purchase. On average, however, the front loader is more expensive than top load machines. 

Top Load Washer – Pros and Cons


  • Cleans clothes better – Consumer Reports found that high-efficiency top load washers clean clothes better and are gentler on fabric than front load models. 
  • Fast-spinning drums – High-efficiency top loaders spin quickly, reducing the drying time needed.
  • Large capacity – With no center agitator, a high-efficiency top loader can accommodate larger loads. 
  • Less vibration – Users report less vibration from their high-efficiency top load washers. 
  • Less mold growth – Mold isn’t an issue in top-load high-efficiency machines. It is, however, a major concern with their front load counterparts. 


  • Expensive repair costs – Top load high-efficiency washers tend to cost more for repairs thanks to their complexity of their design. Add extra features and the cost goes up. 
  • Must use specific detergents – Needs detergents that create fewer suds because it uses less water. Use a detergent not recommended for the machine and it may not be covered by warranty if it breaks. 

You may not have realized such a difference between these two washing machine types. If you’re in the market for a new washer, however, knowing all these pros and cons can help you decide which type is right for you.